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Die! Singletons Die!

Enough is sayed here at Pure Danger Tech. Please let those singletons die, however there is no real singleton with java anyway.


Where is inversion of control in JSR 296 (Swing Application Framework)?

JSR-296 will provide us with nice ressource management. You can get property settings like label texts, colors and other properties from ressource files easily:

ApplicationContext ctxt = ApplicationContext.getInstance();  
ResourceManager mgr = ctxt.getResourceManager();
resource = mgr.getResourceMap(HelloWorld.class);
String helloText = (String) resource.getObject("helloLabel", String.class);

But… what is this ApplicationContext.getInstance() static method call? Where is dependency injection? Look into the API documentation of ApplicationContext: it’s a global service locator. That means it provides a fixed bunch of services which are accessible by a singleton instance. You can of course use aggregation, sub-classing and delegation to extend it’s abilities but dependency injection is the train everyone jumps onto, ain’t it?

There is another issue that puzzles me: where are the interfaces? A framework whithout any interface? It’s even worse, ApplicationContext returns instances of concrete classes, not even abstract classes. So you’ll always get an instance of class RessourceManager. I you like to provide your own, you can only sub-class it, at least, RessourceManager is not final.

Can I have some dependeny injection, please? Picocontainer, Guice or Spring, perhaps? Yes, I can but it would be more nice, if RessourceManager, ActionManager and all other services provided by the framework would be interfaces and I could use any implemention I wish.

By the way, there is some dependency injection in the framework: you can inject property values into any awt component with RessourceManager.injectComponent. I hope the method name is not final yet, because I expected an component to be injected into some other instance, not something to be injected into a component.